Wednesday, June 28, 2006

Panchadasi-Chapter 1-Verses 57 and 58

Hari Aum

Prostrations to my Guru. Prostrations to All.


vR^ittiinaam anuvR^ittis tu prayatnaat prathamaad api .
adR^ishhTaasakR^id abhyaasa sa.nskaara sachivaad bhavet.h .. 57..

The mind continues to be fixed in Paramatman in the state of Samadhi as a result of the effort of will made prior to its achievement and helped by the merits of previous births and the strong impression created through constant efforts (at getting into Samadhi).


yathaa diipo nivaatastha ity aadibhir anekadhaa .
bhagavaan imam evaartham arjunaaya nyaaruupayat.h .. 58..

The same idea Sri Krishna pointed out to Arjuna in various ways e.g. when he compares the steady mind to the flame of a lamp in a breezeless spot.

In the previous two slokas (sloka 55 and sloka 56), Vidyaranya talks about the Nirvikalpa Samadhi, where the Seeker merges into the Self. At the time of Samadhi, the seeker merges into the Self and thus enjoys the bliss of the non-dual Self. But on coming out of Samadhi he experiences the world again like the way we experience the world after waking up from deep sleep. But the seeker recollects the Bliss of the Self. The seeker has to constantly put effort towards maintaining the Nirvikalpa Samadhi at other times as well through constant remembrance of the Reality at all periods of time. So the more the effort towards contemplation on the Reality, the vasanas also slowly vanishes and thus helps one to maintain that state of Samadhi it other times also. Initially the seeker would require putting effort towards reaching the Nirvikalpa Samadhi and thus the seeker has to put constant effort in maintaining that state of Samadhi at other periods of time so that it becomes a Sahaja Samadhi.

Vidyaranya shows the reference from Bhagavat Gita for what he has told till this point. He shows a quote from Chapter 6, 19th sloka

yathaa diipo nivaatastho neN^gate sopamaa smR^itaa .
yogino yatachittasya yuJNjato yogamaatmanaH .. 6\-19..

As a lamp kept in a windless place does not flicker, such is the simile thought-of for the yogi, whose mind is under control, who is engaged in concentration on the Self

He also says that Krishna tells this to arjuna at many other places in various ways but he just mentions one of them. The seeker has to control the extroverted mind and has to turn the mind inward towards the Self by constant effort. When the mind is controlled, the seeker has to constantly contemplate on the Self. Thus by doing it, he gets steadily established in the Self like a lamp kept in windless place. The lamp in a windless place doesn’t flicker, in the same way when the mind is controlled and constantly contemplating on the Self, the seeker will be firmly established in the Self and thus sees only the Self and will always be in the Bliss of the Self.

Prostrations to all

Hari Aum



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