Wednesday, May 31, 2006

Panchadasi-Chapter 1-Verses 38

Hari Aum

Prostrations to my Guru. Prostrations to All.


abhaane sthuula dehasya svapne yad bhaanam aatmanaH .
so .anvayo vyatirekas tad bhaane .anyaan avabhaasanam.h .. 38..

The physical body present in one’s consciousness is absent in the dreaming state, but the witnessing element, pure consciousness, persists (in both the waking and dreaming states). This is the invariable presence (anvaya) of the Self. Though the Self is perceived, the physical body is not; so the later is a variable factor

In the previous sloka Vidyaranya told what is Anvaya and Vyathireka. From this sloka he uses this logic to differentiate the Self from the five sheaths.

During the waking state, the mind is active along with the sense organs. So through the sense organs which are activated by the mind, we know the presence of our body. During the dream state, the sense organs don’t function, only the mind functions. Thus the body that existed in the waking state doesn’t exist in the dream state. But the underlying factor that exists both during the waking state and the dream state is the Consciousness. It is only Consciousness which illumines the mind and the senses and gives existence to the body and it is the Consciousness that exists in the absence of the body illumining the dream. The Self exists in the absence of the body.

Anvaya: when the body is not present, Self is present.
Vyathireka: The Self is present, even in the absence of the body.

Prostrations to all

Hari Aum



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